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北京维管植物编目和分布数据集
A dataset on inventory and geographical distributions of vascular plants in Beijing, China
肖翠, 刘冰, 吴超然, 马金双, 叶建飞, 夏晓飞, 林秦文(中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 国家植物园(北园), 北京自然博物馆, 中国科学院植物研究所/国家植物园(南园))
发布时间:2022/11/21 8:32:15
摘要
区域性维管植物编目对于该区域内植物多样性保护及植物资源可持续利用具有重要意义。北京作为中国首都, 尽管编目工作早在20世纪60年代就得以开展, 但近30年来没有进行系统更新。现有数据零散、不系统, 相关编目进展甚至已经落后于周边地区。本数据集在《北京植物志(1992年修订版)》的基础上, 结合多年实际野外调查, 通过系统检索文献资料对现有编目数据进行查漏补缺(补充新分类群、新记录)、修订名称(基于新分类修订成果)、更新分类系统(采用基于分子数据的新分类系统), 并添加物种等级、分布状态、生长状态、室内/室外、分布区、了解程度及保护状况等相关信息, 最终完成北京维管植物编目和分布数据集(分为本土植物和外来植物两个表单, 其中外来植物主要基于志书和文献记载)。截至2021年12月31日, 该数据集共有数据2,883条(本土1,680条, 外来1,203条), 其中包含北京本土野生维管植物134科611属1,597个类群(1,440种3天然杂交种46亚种97变种11变型), 与《北京植物志(1992年修订版)》相比增加3科26属173种4亚种28变种11变型, 其中列入《国家重点保护野生植物名录(2021)》的有16种(一级仅1种), 列入《北京市重点保护野生植物名录(2008)》的有90种3亚种4变种; 收录外来维管植物137科581属1,184个类群(含992种及其他种下等级), 其中栽培植物854种19杂交种15亚种29变种2变型87栽培品种38栽培群, 逸生植物132种1亚种, 归化植物77种2变种, 入侵植物27种。编目数据显示, 北京本土野生维管植物多样性整体上并不高, 主要以广泛分布的常见种为主, 特有种、狭域种以及珍稀濒危种数量不多; 同时, 北京存在大量的外来植物(许多种类在《北京植物志》各版中已经收录), 这些植物也是北京维管植物多样性的重要组成部分, 但现有数据尚不完整。
An inventory of vascular plants in a region is of great significance for regional plant diversity conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources. Beijing is the capital of China, where the inventory work has been carried out early since the 1960s, but it has not been systematically updated in the past three decades. Currently, the existing data is outdated, scattered and unsystematic, and the inventory progress has even fell behind the neighbouring areas of Beijing. Based on the inventory of vascular plants from the Flora of Beijing (1992 Revised Edition) and combined with the field survey from many years, we have composed a dataset on new inventory and geographical distributions of vascular plants in Beijing (including two sheets for native plants and introduced plants, the latter is incomplete currently), by supplementing with new taxa, new records and new distributions from comprehensive literatures, revising the scientific names (based on the new revision of classification), updating the classification systems (using those based on molecular data), and also adding some related information such as taxon rank, distribution status, growth status, outdoor/indoor, distribution areas, knowledge degree and conservation status. Up to December 31, 2021, the dataset has a total of 2,883 data items, with 1,680 items for native plants and 1,203 for introduced plants. There are 134 families, 611 genera, 1,597 taxa (1,440 species 3 natural hybrids 46 subspecies 97 varieties and 11 forms) of native wild vascular plants in Beijing, and totally 3 families, 26 genera, 173 species 4 subspecies 28 varieties and 11 forms should be supplemented to the last version of Flora of Beijing. The Beijing native wild plants included in the ‘List of National Key Protected Wild Plants (2021)’ have only been counted for 16 species (only 1 at the first class, others all at the second class). There are also 90 species 3 subspecies and 4 varieties included in the ‘List of Beijing Key Protected Wild Plants (2008)’. On introduced plants, so far 137 families, 581 genera and 1,184 taxa (992 species and other infraspecific taxa) are counted, including many cultivated plants (854 species 19 hybrids 15 subspecies 29 varieties 2 forms 87 cultivars 38 cultivar groups). There are still escape plants (132 species 1 subspecies), naturalized plants (77 species 2 varieties), and invasive plants (27 species) in Beijing. The dataset shows that the diversity of native wild vascular plants in Beijing is generally not very abundant, mainly dominated by widely distributed common species, and lacking endemic species, narrow-range species, or rare and endangered species; meanwhile, there are a large number of introduced plants in Beijing. Even many have long been recorded in the versions of Flora of Beijing but they are also an important part of the diversity of vascular plants in Beijing, although they also bring some confusion and uncertainty to the analysis of it due to the incomplete data.
关键词
北京, 维管植物, 编目, 外来植物, 植物多样性
数据引用
必引文献: 肖翠, 刘冰, 吴超然, 马金双, 叶建飞, 夏晓飞, 林秦文 (2022) 北京维管植物编目和分布数据集. 生物多样性, 30, 22064. DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022064
Cui Xiao, Bing Liu, Chaoran Wu, Jinshuang Ma, Jianfei Ye, Xiaofei Xia, Qinwen Lin (2022) A dataset on inventory and geographical distributions of vascular plants in Beijing, China. Biodiversity Science, 30, 22064. DOI: 10.17520/biods.2022064
数据引用: 数据来源于:北京维管植物编目和分布数据集,肖翠, 刘冰, 吴超然, 马金双, 叶建飞, 夏晓飞, 林秦文(中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 国家植物园(北园), 北京自然博物馆, 中国科学院植物研究所/国家植物园(南园)), 2022, 中国科学院植物科学数据中心, DOI:10.17520/biods.2022064, CSTR:34735.11.biods.2022064

Normative references:A dataset on inventory and geographical distributions of vascular plants in Beijing, China, 2022, Plant Data Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences, DOI:10.17520/biods.2022064, CSTR:34735.11.biods.2022064
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中文致谢方式:
  感谢中国科学院植物科学数据中心(Plant Data Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences, https://www.plantplus.cn) 提供数据支撑。
To respect the intellectual property rights, protect the rights of data authors, expand services of the data center, and evaluate the application potential of data, data users should clearly indicate the source of the data and the author of the data in the research results generated by using the data (including published papers, articles, data products, and unpublished research reports, data products and other results). For re-posting (second or multiple releases) data, the author must also indicate the source of the original data.
Acknowledgements:
  Acknowledgement for the data support from Plant Data Center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (https://www.plantplus.cn).
数据服务
CSTR34735.11.biods.2022064
DOI10.17520/biods.2022064
浏览量: 461,下载量: 306
元数据:
地理范围
东经E:115.3599-117.567576
北纬N:39.414921-41.092247
空间分辨率:100km
数据提供者
数据提供机构:中国科学院植物研究所植被与环境变化国家重点实验室, 中国科学院植物研究所系统与进化植物学国家重点实验室, 国家植物园(北园), 北京自然博物馆, 中国科学院植物研究所/国家植物园(南园)
数据提供者:肖翠, 刘冰, 吴超然, 马金双, 叶建飞, 夏晓飞, 林秦文
联系人:林秦文,中国科学院植物研究所/国家植物园(南园), 北京 100093
电子邮箱:linqinwen83@ibcas.ac.cn